Home COVID-19 Antigen Test: Yam Koj Yuav Tsum Paub

Wirecutter txhawb cov neeg nyeem.Thaum koj ua ib qho kev yuav khoom los ntawm kev sib txuas ntawm peb lub vev xaib, peb yuav tau txais ib qho kev sib koom tes.kawm ntxiv
Rau qhov kev sim uas tsis tshua muaj kev pheej hmoo ntawm COVID-19, kev sim tshuaj tiv thaiv sai sai muab txoj hauv kev yooj yim thiab yooj yim los tshuaj xyuas SARS-CoV-2 hauv tsev.Lawv muaj txiaj ntsig tshwj xeeb yog tias koj paub lossis xav tias koj tau kis tus kabmob coronavirus tab sis tsis tuaj yeem tau txais kev sim kws tshaj lij (lossis tos cov txiaj ntsig).
FDA-tso cai kuaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob hauv tsev tuaj yeem kuaj pom tus kab mob COVID-19 nquag, suav nrog cov neeg mob asymptomatic, li ntawm 15 feeb.Zuag qhia tag nrho, cov kev ntsuam xyuas no tsis zoo li qhov kev kuaj mob molecular uas tau ua nyob rau hauv lub chaw soj nstuam.Txawm li cas los xij, cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev sim tshuaj tiv thaiv hauv tsev tuaj yeem muab cov ntaub ntawv ntxiv - yog tias tsis muaj kev daws teeb meem tag nrho - hais txog tus neeg qhov xwm txheej COVID-19, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias koj kuaj tsis tu ncua.Nyob ntawm koj qhov xwm txheej, nws yuav ua rau muaj qee qhov kev sim no ntawm tes.
Nco ntsoov, qhov txiaj ntsig tsis zoo tsis tas txhais tau hais tias ib tus neeg tsis muaj COVID-19, thiab cov kev sim no tsis yog txhais tau tias yog siv los ua tib txoj kev kuaj mob xwb.Dr. Matthew McCarthy, tus kws tshaj lij ntawm cov kws kho mob ntawm Weill Cornell Tsev Kawm Ntawv Tshuaj Kho Mob, tau hais tias: "Kev kuaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob yog ib txoj hauv kev pheej yig thiab yooj yim los txheeb xyuas cov neeg uas yuav kis tau."Rau cov tib neeg uas tsis muaj keeb kwm paub txog kev kis tus kab mob COVID-19, "yog tias koj yuav mus rau Thanksgiving, qhov twg muaj 20 tus neeg thiab lawv txhua tus tau txhaj tshuaj, koj tuaj yeem ua qhov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob ua ntej koj mus kom paub tseeb tias koj tsis tau coj tus kabmob mus rau hauv. tog, "nws hais, hais txog qhov muaj peev xwm siv tau.
Nws kuj tseem yuav tsim nyog ua qhov kev sim tshuaj antigen sai ua ntej kev cuam tshuam nrog cov neeg uas yuav raug tus kab mob no ntau dua.Dr. Claire Rock, kws kho mob kis kab mob ntawm Johns Hopkins University Tsev Kawm Ntawv Tshuaj Kho Mob, tau hais tias: "Txawm tias cov neeg tau txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv tag nrho tuaj yeem xav sim ib qho ntawm cov kev sim hauv tsev yooj yim no ua ntej siv sijhawm nrog yawg," uas yog tus tswj hwm kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv kab mob COVID-19. .
Kev kuaj kab mob COVID-19 hauv tsev tuaj yeem yooj yim thiab nrawm.Tsis tas yuav tos rau lub sijhawm teem sijhawm (lossis xaj cov khoom siv los ntawm kev xa ntawv thiab cov qauv nkoj) thiab tom qab ntawd tos cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev kuaj ntsuas molecular.Los ntawm kev ua cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob hauv tsev, koj tuaj yeem siv sijhawm li 15 feeb los ntawm qhov swab mus rau qhov tshwm sim.Cov kev ntsuam xyuas no feem ntau yooj yim ua, thiab koj tuaj yeem nyeem cov txiaj ntsig ntawm tus kheej (xws li siv qhov ntsuas cev xeeb tub hauv tsev) lossis digitally (siv ib qho app).
Qhov kev kuaj COVID-19 antigen tsis yog rhiab heev li kev kuaj mob molecular.Tsis zoo li cov tshuaj ntsuam xyuas molecular ntawm COVID-19, uas cuam tshuam nrog kev nthuav dav cov kab mob nucleic acid mus rau qib uas yooj yim dua los kuaj pom, qhov kev kuaj antigen tuaj yeem kuaj pom cov kab mob tsis zoo, yog li nws tsis yooj yim los kuaj xyuas cov cim me me.(Tsis txhob cuam tshuam cov tshuaj tiv thaiv antigen nrog cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob. Cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob yog tsim los xyuas cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob uas cuam tshuam rau tus kab mob thiab tsis siv rau kev kuaj mob.)
Txawm hais tias kev sim tshuaj tiv thaiv hauv tsev tsis yog qhov tsis muaj tseeb, thaum kuaj pom cov neeg mob COVID-19, txawm tias cov kev kuaj mob molecular zoo li cov qauv kub PCR kuaj tsis yog ib txwm muaj tseeb, vim tias cov txiaj ntsig tau nyob ntawm, ntawm lwm yam, lub sijhawm ntawm kev sim..Yog tias koj so nws ntxov ntxov tom qab kev sib cuag, koj qhov kev sim yuav tsis zoo txawm tias koj muaj tus kab mob.Tom qab koj tsis kis kab mob lawm, koj tuaj yeem tau txais qhov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm PCR.
Cov kws kho mob kis mob Rock tau hais tias piv nrog kev kuaj mob molecular ntawm COVID-19, kev kuaj tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob "tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam yog tias peb xav paub seb puas muaj cov kab mob me me, tab sis yog tias peb tab tom nrhiav lawv, lawv tau rhiab heev" saib Saib yog tias muaj qee tus kab mob, peb yuav tsum txhawj xeeb tias ib tus neeg yuav kis tau rau lwm tus.”

"Peb feem ntau pom zoo kom kuaj peb mus rau tsib hnub tom qab kis tau." - Dr.Matthew McCarthy, Weill Cornell School of Medicine
Qhov tseeb ntawm cov tshuaj antigen hauv tsev nyob ntawm ib feem ntawm qhov rhiab heev ntawm qhov kev sim (lub peev xwm ntawm daim ntawv tshaj tawm kev xeem kom pom qhov muaj tseeb), qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm qhov kev xeem (lub peev xwm ntawm daim ntawv tshaj tawm kom pom qhov tsis zoo), thiab cov qauv kev ncaj ncees ( Txawm hais tias lub swab muaj cov qauv txaus los yog swabs Cov tshuaj yog kis nrog lwm cov kab mob), tsis hais seb cov chaw tsim khoom cov lus qhia tau ua raws li tag nrho, lub sijhawm txij li qhov kawg paub lossis xav tias kev sib cuag thiab / lossis qhov pib ntawm cov tsos mob, thiab cov kab mob kis tau ntawm lub sijhawm xeem.(Cov kev ntsuam xyuas tam sim no tau tso cai rau cov neeg muaj hnub nyoog qis dua 2 xyoos, muab cov qauv ntawm cov menyuam yaus tau txais thiab ua tiav los ntawm cov neeg laus.)
Rau cov kev ntsuam xyuas pom zoo rau kev tso cai siv thaum muaj xwm txheej ceev, cov chaw tsim khoom yuav tsum xa cov ntaub ntawv kho mob mus rau FDA los ua kom pom qhov rhiab heev thiab qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm qhov kev sim.Qee qhov kev tshawb fawb ywj pheej tau pom tias qhov rhiab heev thiab qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm qee qhov kev kuaj antigen qis dua, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog thaum lawv siv rau cov neeg asymptomatic.(Tam sim no muaj kev lag luam muag SARS-CoV-2 kev kuaj mob molecular uas tau tso cai los ntawm FDA thiab tuaj yeem siv hauv tsev rau kev siv thaum muaj xwm txheej ceev, uas txhais tau tias koj tsis tas yuav xa cov qauv mus rau lub chaw kuaj sim: Lucira COVID Piv nrog rau qee qhov FDA tso cai hauv tsev kuaj cov tshuaj tiv thaiv kab mob, nws muaj qhov siab dua me ntsis (95.2%) thiab tuaj yeem muab cov txiaj ntsig hauv 30 feeb. Txawm li cas los xij, tam sim no tsis muaj nyob hauv Lucira lub vev xaib thiab Amazon. ib zaug muag.)
Thaum lub sijhawm tshaj tawm, nws nyuaj rau nrhiav cov tshuaj tiv thaiv hauv tsev vim tias qhov kev nce siab hauv COVID-19 tau ua rau muaj kev xav tau ntau ntxiv rau lawv.Yog tias koj nrhiav tsis tau lawv hauv online, thov hu rau koj lub chaw muag tshuaj hauv zos (cov kev ntsuam xyuas no feem ntau muaj nyob rau ntawm lub rooj sab laj).
Abbott BinaxTam sim no COVID-19 antigen kuaj tus kheej rhiab heev: 84.6% (PDF) (hauv 7 hnub tom qab pib cov tsos mob) Tshwj xeeb: 98.5% (PDF) (hauv 7 hnub tom qab pib cov tsos mob) Qhov kev sim suav nrog: ob tus nqi: $24 Muaj: Amazon, CVS, Walmart
Ellume COVID-19 kev sim hauv tsev (daim ntawv thov) Kev nkag siab: 95% (PDF) Qhov tshwj xeeb: 97% (PDF) Kev Xeem suav nrog: 1 Tus Nqi: $ 35 Muaj: Amazon, CVS, Lub Hom Phiaj
Quidel QuickVue Home COVID-19 Test Sensitivity: 84.8% (PDF) Specificity: 99.1% (PDF) Qhov kev xeem suav nrog: ob tus nqi: $25 Muaj: Amazon, Walmart
Tus yuam sij kom tau txais cov txiaj ntsig antigen txhim khu kev qha yog kev sim ntau zaus.Christoper Brooke, tus kws paub txog kab mob sib kis ntawm University of Illinois ntawm Urbana-Champaign tau hais tias "Kev sim tsis tu ncua tuaj yeem ua rau muaj kev nkag siab zoo,""Qhov txawv ntawm ob qhov kev ntsuam xyuas tsis zoo tom qab kis tau tsawg dua qhov txawv ntawm ib qho kev kuaj tsis zoo."
Kev sim tshuaj tiv thaiv hauv tsev ntawm Abbott, Ellume thiab Quidel tsis tas yuav tsum tau muab cov swab thawb rau hauv cov kab noj hniav nasopharyngeal, uas koj tuaj yeem ntsib ntawm qhov chaw kuaj mob, tab sis yuav tsum tau nkag mus rau nruab nrab qhov ntswg qhov ntswg.Txhua qhov kev ntsuam xyuas muaj cov lus qhia tshwj xeeb thiab hauv paus xav kom koj so koj lub qhov ntswg, dip lub swab hauv cov tshuaj, hloov qee qhov kev daws mus rau ib lub thawv me me, thiab tos kom pom qhov tshwm sim.
Tom qab kwv yees li 15 feeb, koj tuaj yeem nyeem cov txiaj ntsig ntawm Abbott BinaxNow thiab Quidel QuickVue cov kev ntsuam xyuas, ib yam li nyeem cov ntawv kuaj cev xeeb tub hauv tsev: ob kab qhia tau zoo thiab ib kab (tswj) qhia qhov tsis zoo.Txoj kab thib ob uas tsis tshua muaj tshwm sim tseem tuaj yeem qhia tau qhov txiaj ntsig zoo.Ellume COVID-19 kuaj hauv tsev yuav tsum muaj Bluetooth txuas rau lub xov tooj ntawm tes los muab cov txiaj ntsig hauv 15 feeb los ntawm tus khub app (iOS, Android).Raws li lub tuam txhab txoj cai tswjfwm ntiag tug, Ellume yuav tsum muab cov neeg saib xyuas kev noj qab haus huv nrog cov neeg siv hnub yug thiab lawv lub xeev nyob thiab tus lej xa ntawv, cov ntawv xeem, hnub xeem, thiab lwm yam ntaub ntawv xav tau los ntawm txoj cai.
Raws li nrog txhua qhov kev kuaj mob KEVID-19 (xws li kuaj PCR), lub sijhawm sau cov qauv rau qhov kawg paub lossis xav tias raug kis thiab / lossis cov tsos mob tshwm sim yog qhov loj tshaj plaws cuam tshuam rau qhov tseeb ntawm cov txiaj ntsig kuaj antigen hauv tsev.Piv txwv li, qhov no yog vim li cas Abbott's BinaxNOW thiab Quidel's QuickVue test suites tuaj nrog ob qhov kev xeem tsim los siv ob mus rau peb hnub sib nrug.
Daniel Larremore, tus pab xibfwb ntawm kev tshawb fawb hauv computer ntawm University of Colorado ntawm Boulder tau hais tias "Qhov kev sim siab tiag tiag yog nyob ntawm seb koj siv nws li cas," said Daniel Larremore, tus pab xibfwb ntawm computer science ntawm University of Colorado ntawm Boulder, uas siv cov tshuaj molecular thiab antigen simulate cov teebmeem ntawm kev tshuaj xyuas rov qab rau cov neeg asymptomatic.Tus kab mob kis ntawm tus neeg mob hloov pauv lub sijhawm."Thaum koj ncav cuag tus kab mob txaus txaus, qhov concentration ntawm antigen yuav siab txaus rau kev kuaj."Kev kuaj tus kheej hnub tom qab tuaj koom nrog ib tus neeg uas tsis paub tias lawv muaj COVID-19 thaum lub sijhawm tsis zoo li yuav muaj txiaj ntsig.Larremore tau hais tias "Tsis muaj kev sim yuav zoo rau 24 teev tom qab kis tau,"Yog tias koj tos ntev heev rau qhov kev sim, koj yuav tsis nco qab qhov siab tshaj antigen concentration, uas txhais tau hais tias yog tias qhov kev sim kuaj pom SARS-CoV-2 antigen hauv koj tus qauv, koj yuav tsum pom cov kab zoo tsaus.
McCarthy ntawm Weill Cornell University hais tias "Peb feem ntau pom zoo kom sim peb mus rau tsib hnub tom qab kis tau,"Yog tias koj muaj cov tsos mob zoo ib yam li COVID-19, koj tsis tas yuav tos qhov kev sim.
Yog tias koj tsis paub meej lossis tsis meej pem txog cov txiaj ntsig ntawm koj lub tsev kuaj COVID-19 antigen, thov nrog koj tus kws kho mob tham.Txawm hais tias koj yuav tsum nrhiav kev kuaj xyuas cov tshuaj molecular nyob ntawm koj qhov xwm txheej.Larremore tau hais tias tib neeg yuav tsum tau kho qhov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm cov tshuaj tiv thaiv antigen raws li qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias muaj lwm yam (xws li muaj peev xwm kis tau lossis cov tsos mob tshwm sim) txhawb nqa qhov tshwm sim.Qhov no txhais tau hais tias cais tawm, ceeb toom ib qho kev sib cuag, thiab tejzaum nws nrhiav kev kuaj sim kom paub meej txog qhov tshwm sim.Nrhiav kev kho mob raws li xav tau.Raws li McCarthy ntawm Weill Cornell, yog tias ib tus neeg muaj qhov tsis txaus ntseeg ntawm COVID-19 (piv txwv li, lawv tsis muaj tsos mob, txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv, thiab / lossis tsis paub qhov kis tau).
Tau txais kev kuaj PCR ua los ntawm lub chaw soj nstuam yog qhov kev xaiv zoo tshaj plaws rau kev kuaj mob kom raug COVID-19, tab sis kev teem sijhawm yuav nyuaj kom tau txais, thiab qee zaum "nws yuav siv sijhawm ntev kom tau txais cov txiaj ntsig, tab sis cov txiaj ntsig tsis muaj txiaj ntsig," hais Brooke. ntawm American University.Illinois."Qhov zoo tshaj plaws, txhua tus yuav ua PCR kev sim ntau zaus thiab tshaj tawm cov txiaj ntsig tau sai, tab sis qhov no yog qhov tsis yooj yim sua.Kev ntsuam xyuas Antigen feem ntau yog tib txoj kev siv tau tiag tiag, yog li lawv tuaj yeem ua lub luag haujlwm hauv kev nce qhov zaus thiab qhov kev ntsuas rau tag nrho cov pejxeem.Lub luag haujlwm tseem ceeb heev. "
Daim npog ntsej muag "zoo tshaj" yog qhov koj yuav hnav (tsis yog fuss).Ntawm no yog yuav ua li cas thiaj nrhiav tau lub npog ntsej muag uas haum, lim zoo thiab xis nyob heev.
Lub npog ntsej muag zoo tshaj plaws rau cov menyuam yaus yog qhov lawv yuav hnav thiab hnav ib txwm.Peb pom zoo rau 6 cov khoom uas nyiam, breathable thiab haum rau txhua lub hnub nyoog.
Lub npog ntsej muag xoob tuaj yeem ua rau cov iav tsom iav.Yog tias koj tsis xav lo saum lub npog ntsej muag rau koj lub ntsej muag, kev tiv thaiv huab cua yuav pab tau.(Yog li ua tau xab npum lossis qaub ncaug.)


Post lub sij hawm: Sep-17-2021